BEHAVIOR OF THE POPULATION FOR BLOOD DONATION IN EMERGENCY SITUATIONS
ABSTRACT: Disaster is an event or series of events caused by natural phenomena, incidents, accidents or other extraordinary circumstances that affect or endanger the life or health of the population, property or the environment to the extent that requires action or the participation of special forces and the use of special resources [2, 4, 5]. In major disasters, serious difficulties can arise in providing the necessary amounts of blood and blood components. [1, 3].
The aim of the present study is to analyze the behavior of the population for blood donation in the event of a disaster.
Material and methods: An anonymous survey surveyed 3,062 people with an average age of 28.2 years (20-65 years). The results were processed with SPSS v. 20.0, using variational, comparative and correlation analyzes. For significance level we assume p <0.05.
Results: Men (51.5%) and persons with secondary education predominate (43.7). Just over half of the respondents (51.8%) indicate that they donate blood in emergency situations. A significant difference was found in terms of age (p = 0.002), gender (p <0.001) and education (p <0.001). People with a tradition of blood donation donate more blood in emergencies (p = 0.014). It is interesting that 30% of the respondents who donate blood for the first time donate it on the occasion of an emergency situation.
Conclusion: Blood donation in emergency situations is not an accidental act, but is the result of the complex influence of several factors that determine the profile of these blood donors.
Keywords: blood donation, emergency situation, blood donor profile