DIAGNOSTIC ENDOSCOPY IN OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY
Proletina Borisova Bozdukova
ABSTRACT: The publication aims to acquaint medical professionals with modern endoscopic diagnostic methods in otorhinolaryngology. In this field, all known types of endoscopic systems are used - rigid and flexible. They allow very good visualization during examination, possibility for video recording and biopsy. The extraction of foreign bodies from the upper respiratory tract and esophagus is performed mostly endoscopically. Through functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) can be performed resection of tumors from the surrounding nasal cavities, which include the anterior and middle cranial fossa. In addition, dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is now performed mainly through an endonasal approach. Sialoendoscopy is a method that allows a direct view of the ducts of the large salivary glands with the possibility of various therapeutic manipulations. Endoscopic otoscopy is a modern alternative for visualization of the structures of the middle ear and tympanic membrane.
Keywords: endoscopic sinus surgery, sialoendoscopy, otoscopy, foreign body